Under the leadership of CISAC Consulting Professor George Bunn and Fritz Steinhausler (University of Salzburg), a visiting professor at CISAC and IIS, the European Forum and CISAC co-sponsored workshops on the legal and illegal transport and diversion of hazardous materials, and US and EU policy responses to security threats. Bunn and Steinhausler also conducted a CISAC project to strengthen global practices for protecting nuclear material against theft and sabotage. Steinhausler worked closely with Scott Sagan (Political Science, IIS Senior Fellow) and participated in CISAC's course on international security. Lyudmila Zaitseva, a CISAC visiting fellow from the National Nuclear Centre in Semipalatinsk (Kazakhstan), worked on documentation and information about nuclear and security issues in the former Soviet Union. In addition, Steinhausler worked with Jim Sweeney (Engineering-Economic Systems/Operations Research) on an integrative approach to assessing the impact of the complete nuclear fuel cycle (from uranium mining to waste disposal) on the environment.