Professor Joshua Lederberg, a research geneticist, is Sackler Foundation Scholar, President-emeritus at The Rockefeller University in New York, and a consulting professor of the Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. Dr. Lederberg was educated at Columbia and Yale University, where he pioneered in the field of bacterial genetics with the discovery of genetic recombination in bacteria. In 1958, at the age of 33, Dr. Lederberg received the Nobel Prize in Physiology of Medicine for this work. Dr. Lederberg has been a professor of genetics at the University of Wisconsin and then at Stanford University School of Medicine, until he came to The Rockefeller University in 1978. A member of the National Academy of Sciences since 1957, and a charter member of its Institute of Medicine, Dr. Lederberg has been active in many government advisory roles, including the Defense Science Board and the Chair of the President's Cancer Panel. He has long had a keen interest in international health, and has served two terms on WHO's Advisory Health Research Council and on the boards of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (Washington) and the Council on Foreign Relations (New York). He co-chaired the IOM's study on Emerging Infections, and recently edited "Biological Weapons: Containing the Threat", published by the MIT Press.