present our observations from a visit to India’s
nuclear facilities and several think tanks during March 2008. We will comment
nuclear research programs, nuclear energy development, and the implications for
the proposed U.S.-India nuclear deal and for scientific collaboration between
our countries. We visited the Indira Gandhi
Center for Atomic Research (IGCAR)
in Kalpakkam, the Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) in Trombay, had detailed
discussions with the top leadership of the India Department of Atomic Energy
(DAE), and also visited several institutes in Bangalore
and Chennai to discuss nuclear energy and nuclear nonproliferation.
Chaim Braun is a
vice president of Altos Management Partners, Inc., and a CISAC science fellow
and affiliate. He is a member of the Near-Term Deployment and the Economic Cross-Cut
Working Groups of the Department of Energy (DOE) Generation IV Roadmap study.
He conducted several nuclear economics-related studies for the DOE Nuclear
Energy Office, the Energy Information Administration, the Electric Power
Research Institute, the Nuclear Energy Institute, Non-Proliferation Trust
International, and others. Braun has worked as a member of Bechtel Power
Corporation's Nuclear Management Group, and led studies on power plant
performance and economics used to support maintenance services. Braun has
worked on a study of safeguarding the Agreed Framework in North Korea, he was
the co-leader of a NATO Study of Terrorist Threats to Nuclear Power Plants, led
CISAC's Summer Study on Terrorist Threats to Research Reactors, and most
recently co-authored an article with former CISAC Co-Director Chris Chyba on
nuclear proliferation rings.
Siegfried Hecker is a professor (research) in the Department of Management Science and
Engineering, a senior fellow at FSI, and co-director of CISAC. He is also an
emeritus director of Los Alamos National Laboratory. Hecker's research
interests include plutonium science, nuclear weapon policy and international
security, nuclear security (including nonproliferation and counter terrorism),
and cooperative nuclear threat reduction. Over the past 15 years, he has
fostered cooperation with the Russian nuclear laboratories to secure and
safeguard the vast stockpile of ex-Soviet fissile materials. His current
interests include the challenges of nuclear India,
Korea, and the nuclear aspirations of Iran.
Hecker works closely with the Russian Academy of Sciences and is actively
involved with the U.S. National Academies, serving on the National Academy of
Engineering Council and its International Programs Committee, as chair of the
Committee on Counterterrorism Challenges for Russia and the United States, and
as a member of the National Academies Committee on International Security and
Arms Control Nonproliferation Panel.