This paper challenges the conventional wisdom that oil
causes international contention by explaining how the high costs of petroleum
conquest deter territorial aggression. In oil-rich territories, interstate
violence is inspired by other factors. The claim is tested through an
examination of Nigeria and Cameroon's dispute over the Bakassi Peninsula,
drawing on the author's fieldwork in both countries.
Emily Meierding is a PhD Candidate in the Department of
Political Science at the University
of Chicago and a
predoctoral fellow at CISAC. Her dissertation examines how the presence of
petroleum resources affects the initiation and escalation of international
territorial disputes. She has conducted dissertation research and language
study in Syria, Morocco, Nigeria
Meierding holds a BA in History from the University
of California at Santa
Cruz and a MA in Political Science from the University of Chicago.
Jessica Gottlieb is a PhD Candidate in the Political Science
Department at Stanford University. Her research is on the relationship
between democracy and development, particularly in her region of interest,
francophone West Africa. She studies the impact of decentralization and
local democracy on political accountability and public goods outcomes.
She received her BA in Political Science from Yale University and has
also spent time in Washington, DC working at the Center for Global