Abstract: The expected increasing world energy
demand makes it necessary for us to seriously and urgently study the questions
of global warming due to greenhouse gas effect emissions and the depletion of
fossil resources. This clearly means producing more energy, while emitting a
minimum amount of CO2, and keeping the costs under control and acceptable for
number of prospective studies thus envision that nuclear energy, because it is
carbon-free, will play an important and essential role in the world energy mix
of the 21st century.
increased use of nuclear power to generate electricity brings with it, threats
to regional and global security - specifically, increased risks of nuclear
weapon proliferation and nuclear terrorism: nuclear power reactors inevitably
produce plutonium as a by-product, plutonium that could be used by countries or
terrorist groups to fabricate nuclear weapons. Several states still have not
signed the NPT, while others have not clarified their real intentions.
this aspect should by no means be neglected, the issue of nuclear energy
expansion should be examined globally, accounting for the context, the current
needs, as well as all kinds of concerns.
is the one described above, characterized by growing energy demand and climate
change: nuclear energy is unanimously recognized as a solution well adapted to
such a context. Its overall assets are numerous, it is a clean and competitive
source of energy, which has very good safety records, with more improvements to
come, it contributes to security of energy supply. All these assets should not
be swept away for reasons solely linked to proliferation concerns. As a matter
of fact, intensive works are being carried out, to improve even more nuclear
energy's track record, by ensuring its sustainability: waste minimisation,
increased safety, competitiveness, economy of uranium resources, resistance to
nuclear proliferation, and application to fields wider than shear electricity
Jacques Bouchard is Special Adviser to the Chairman
of the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA). In 2006, he was appointed
Chairman of the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) for 3 years.
1939, Jacques Bouchard
holds an engineering degree from the "Ecole Centrale de Paris", and
specialized in reactor physics.
Bouchard joined the CEA in 1964 and became Head of the Experimental Physics unit
in 1973, then head of the Nuclear Engineering Department in 1975. In that capacity,
the work he conducted was mainly in support of pressurized water reactor
technology, and he also led studies in physics for fuel cycle applications.
In 1982, he
became head of the Fast Neutron Reactor Department in Cadarache. In 1990, he
was appointed head of the CEA's Nuclear Reactor Division, then, from 1994 to
2000, he became the Director of CEA's military application division.
to 2004, he was in charge of the entire nuclear energy sector in CEA.
he is Special Adviser to the Chairman of the CEA.
Jacques Bouchard was also the President of the
French Nuclear Energy Society from 2001 to 2003 and professor at the reknown
"Ecole des Mines de Paris". He has serve on the board of directors of
several companies working in the nuclear field, and he is member of many
advisory committees to national and international nuclear organizations.
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