Environment

Environment

FSI scholars approach their research on the environment from regulatory, economic and societal angles. The Center on Food Security and the Environment weighs the connection between climate change and agriculture; the impact of biofuel expansion on land and food supply; how to increase crop yields without expanding agricultural lands; and the trends in aquaculture. FSE’s research spans the globe – from the potential of smallholder irrigation to reduce hunger and improve development in sub-Saharan Africa to the devastation of drought on Iowa farms. David Lobell, a senior fellow at FSI and a recipient of a MacArthur “genius” grant, has looked at the impacts of increasing wheat and corn crops in Africa, South Asia, Mexico and the United States; and has studied the effects of extreme heat on the world’s staple crops.

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 48 / 53

Edge of Disaster, The: Rebuilding a Resilient Nation

February 2007

We have learned little from the cataclysms of September 11 and Hurricane Katrina. When it comes to catastrophe, America is living on borrowed time--and squandering it.

How Globalization Went Bad

January 2007

The article asserts that globalization has made the world a more dangerous and less orderly place.

Homeland Security: A New Strategic Paradigm?

December 2006

How has the threat of catastrophic terrorism reshaped the strategic environment?

Nuclear Renaissance in the Age of Global Warming

December 2006

With oil prices and global temperatures rising, the nuclear option has once again entered discussions about the future of the world's energy supply.

Inside Rebellion: The Politics of Insurgent Violence

October 2006

Some rebel groups abuse noncombatant populations, while others exhibit restraint.

Primary Commodity Exports and Civil War

December 2005

Paul Collier and Anke Hoeffler at Oxford University have reported that countries with a higher percentage of national income from primary commodity exports have been more prone to civil war, an...

Degradation of Biological Weapons Agents in the Environment: Implications for Terrorism Response

December 2005

We investigate the impact on effective terrorism response of the viability degradation of biological weapons agents in the environment.

Terrorist Speech and the Future of Free Expression

December 2005

On June 16, 2002, Dennis Pluchinsky, a senior intelligence analyst at the U.S. Department of State, wrote an article in the Washington Post calling for censorship.

India and Pakistan's Unstable Peace: Why Nuclear South Asia Is Not Like Cold War Europe

October 2005

Scholars attribute conventional violence in a nuclear South Asia to a phenomenon known as the "stability/instability paradox." According to this paradox, the risk of nuclear war makes it unlikely...

Resources and the Information Problem in Rebel Recruitment

August 2005

How does the resource base of a rebel group impact its membership, structure, and behavior?

An Unaddressed Issue of Agricultural Terrorism: A Case Study on Feed Security

December 2004

In the late winter of 2003, a number of livestock animals in the Midwest were poisoned due to accidental contamination of a popular commercial feed with a lethal additive.

Learning from Normal Accidents

January 2004

Normal Accidents' growing influence since 1984 on social science scholarship and across academic, business and governmental disciplines was not accidental.

Threat of Low-Yield Earth-Penetrating Nuclear Weapons to Civilian Populations, The

March 2003

Proponents of a new generation of low-yield nuclear earth-penetrating weapons (EPWs), such as modified versions of the B61-11 currently in the US stockpile, claim that such weapons could be used...

Coercion and Risk-Taking in Nuclear South Asia

March 2003

This paper begins by examining the nature of the two-way coercion going on between India and Pakistan since 1989 followed by an analysis of the international environment that influences it.

Keeping Out of the Box

November 2002

During three decades spent studying the highly charged issue of climate change, I've not been bashful about offering my scientific conclusions - or even my opinions about appropriate public policy....

Toward Biological Security

June 2002

The anthrax attacks in fall 2001, and the fear and confusion that followed, made it all too clear that the United States lacks a comprehensive strategy for coping with bioterrorism.

Potential Sources of Financing for U.S. Ventures in Russia

December 2001

Following the end of the Cold War, the United States and its allies recognized that it was in their vital security interests to promote stable transitions in the countries of Central and Eastern...

Dynamics of Secession in the Russian Federation: Why Chechnya?, in Stephen Hanson and Mikhail Alexseev, A Federation Imperiled: Center-Periphery Conflict in Post-Soviet Russia, The

December 1999

Why did the Soviet Union break up, whereas the Russian Federation has so far held together in the face of ostensibly similar secession crises?

Geopolitics of Energy Development in the Caspian Region: Regional Cooperation or Conflict?, The

December 1999

The Caspian Basin has emerged in recent years as a major focus of international affairs for a combination of political, economic, and geostrategic reasons.

Climate Change and the Transformation of World Energy Supply

May 1999

This report outlines the changes in energy supply that will be required over the next fifty years.

An Alternative Framework for the Control of Nuclear Materials

May 1999

The decade of the 1990s has seen renewed concerns over nuclear proliferation, both horizontal and vertical.

Critical Infrastructures: The Path Ahead (Proceedings of: XIWT symposium on Cross-Industry Activities for Information Infrastructure Robustness)

February 1999

The Cross-Industry Working Team (XIWT), with the support of Stanford University Consortium for Research on Information Security and Policy (CRISP), sponsored a symposium on cross-industry...

China's Security Dilemma to the Year 2010

October 1997

Whether China can achieve its economic and political goals depends very much upon whether PRC's domestic stability can be maintained and large-scale devastating military conflict, either internally...

Workshop on Protecting and Assuring Critical National Infrastructure

July 1997

In July 1996, President Clinton established the Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection, with a charter to designate critical infrastructures and assess their vulnerabilities, to recommend...