Environment

Environment

FSI scholars approach their research on the environment from regulatory, economic and societal angles. The Center on Food Security and the Environment weighs the connection between climate change and agriculture; the impact of biofuel expansion on land and food supply; how to increase crop yields without expanding agricultural lands; and the trends in aquaculture. FSE’s research spans the globe – from the potential of smallholder irrigation to reduce hunger and improve development in sub-Saharan Africa to the devastation of drought on Iowa farms. David Lobell, a senior fellow at FSI and a recipient of a MacArthur “genius” grant, has looked at the impacts of increasing wheat and corn crops in Africa, South Asia, Mexico and the United States; and has studied the effects of extreme heat on the world’s staple crops.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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The Existential Threat From Cyber-enabled Information Warfare

July 2019

Corruption of the information ecosystem is not just a multiplier of two long-acknowledged existential threats to the future of humanity—climate change and nuclear weapons.

Probabilistic Performance Assessment vs. the Safety Case Approach

January 2019

The “safety case” approach has been developed to address the issue of evaluating the performance of a geologic repository in the face of the large uncertainty that results for evaluations that...

Evolution and Structure of the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management

December 2018

The final disposal of nuclear waste is at the interface between the technologies of the nuclear fuel cycle that produce the waste and the natural hydrologic and geochemical cycles of geologic...

Mission Impossible? Socio-technical Integration of Nuclear Waste Geological Disposal Systems

November 2018

Abstract: We present a new perspective on geological disposal systems for nuclear waste.

Chronic long-term risk of low-level radiation exposure: Bridging the lay/expert divide

August 2018

Abstract: The failure of experts and lay people to understand each other has been fueling conflict around the environmental clean-up of the many sites in the United States that are contaminated by...

Chronic long-term risk of low-level radiation exposure: Bridging the lay/expert divide.

August 2018

Abstrac: The failure of experts and lay people to understand each other has been fueling conflict around the environmental clean-up of the many sites in the United States that are contaminated by...

Novel Method of Quantifying Radioactive Cesium-Rich Microparticles (CsMPs) in the Environment from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

June 2018

Highly radioactive cesium-rich microparticles (CsMPs) were released from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) to the surrounding environment at an early stage of the nuclear disaster...

Structuring Cooperative Nuclear Risk Reduction Initiatives with China

April 2017

CISAC's Siegfried Hecker, Larry Brandt and Jason Reinhardt worked with Chinese nuclear organizations on issues involving radiological and nuclear terrorism.

Long-Term Storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel

February 2015

In a commentary on the long-term storage of SNF in the March 2015 issue of Nature Materials, Professor Rod Ewing writes that, "to design reliable and safe geological repositories it is critical to...

Influence of temperature and precipitation variability on near-term snow trends

October 2014

Snow is a vital resource for a host of natural and human systems.

Geophysical limits to global wind power

September 2012

Abstract There is enough power in Earth’s winds to be a primary source of near-zero-emission electric power as the global economy continues to grow through the twenty-first century.

Organizational legacies of violence Conditions favoring insurgency onset in Colombia, 1964–1984

May 2012

Abstract Why do insurgencies erupt in some places and not in others?

Nuclear Fuel in a Reactor Accident

March 2012

Abstract Nuclear accidents that lead to melting of a reactor core create heterogeneous materials containing hundreds of radionuclides, many with short half-lives.

Global Implications of China's Challenges – Part I

January 2012

For the past two decades China has been a poster child of successful globalization, integrating with the world and in the process lifting millions of citizens out of poverty.

Nuclear non-proliferation

November 2011

Textbook Synopsis From Cambridge University Press online: How will we meet rising energy demands? What are our options? Are there viable long-term solutions for the future?

Eyes on Spies: Congress and the United States Intelligence Community

September 2011

Description from Hoover Institution Press: Ten years after 9/11, the least reformed part of America's intelligence system is not the CIA or FBI but the US Congress.

Indian Reactions to the US Nuclear Posture Review

March 2011

By deemphasizing the role of nuclear weapons in US security policy, the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) could lead India to slow or halt the growth of its nuclear weapons capabilities and to...

Russia and the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review

March 2011

Abstract The 2010 Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) conducted by the United States has become an important element of the US-Russian relationship, for the policies set during the review process directly...

Organizations and Global Warming

December 2010

Introduction This essay examines the two biggest environmental polluters, the oil and coal industries, and the possibilities of renewable energy that could replace them.

Gas & Geopolitics: The Foreign Policy Implications of Energy Import Dependency

May 2010

In recent years, much attention has focused on the dangers of dependency on energy imports.

The Growth of Nuclear Power: Drivers & Constraints

October 2009

Many countries around the world are taking a fresh look at nuclear power.

Power and Responsibility: Building International Order in an Era of Transnational Threats

March 2009

The post-World War II fabric of global security, designed and maintained by the United States, has dangerously frayed.

Reform, Don't Merge, the Homeland Security Council

January 2009

A growing number of scholars argue that the new administration should overturn a key decision by President George W.

Ten Years of Instability in a Nuclear South Asia

October 2008

The tenth anniversary of India’s and Pakistan’s 1998 nuclear tests enables scholars to revisit the issue of South Asian proliferation with a decade of hindsight.

People

Beatriz Magaloni Senior Fellow Professor, Political Science
Philip Taubman Lecturer
Barbara van Schewick Associate Professor, Law
Paul N. Edwards William J. Perry Fellow
Eva Frankel CISAC Honors Student
Robert Weiner Robert Weiner Affiliate
Paul J. Jackson Affiliate
David Clark David L. Clark Affiliate
Paul Kapur Affiliate
Chris Dunlap Christopher Dunlap Affiliate