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Xue Litai
Journal Articles

China's Security Agenda Transcends the South China Sea

John W. Lewis, Xue Litai
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists , 2016

In 2013, China president Xi Jinping launched a massive reclamation and construction campaign on seven reefs in the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea. Beijing insisted that its actions were responsible and in accord with international law, but foreign critics questioned Xi’s real intentions. Recently available internal documents by China’s leader reveal his views about war, the importance of oceans in protecting and rejuvenating the nation, and the motives underlying his actions in the South China Sea.

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Books

Imagined Enemies: China Prepares for Uncertain War

John W. Lewis, Litai Xue
Stanford University Press , 2006

This is the fourth and final volume in a pioneering series on the Chinese military. It begins with an examination of Chinese military culture and history, with special attention to the transition from Mao Zedong's revolutionary doctrine and the conflict with Moscow to Beijing's preoccupation with Taiwanese separatism and preparations for war to thwart it. Because such a war might involve the United States, the Chinese have concentrated on measures to deter American intervention.

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Journal Articles

Social Change and Political Reform in China: Meeting the Challenge of Success

John W. Lewis, Litai Xue
China Quarterly , 2003

This article discusses how two decades of economic reforms have intensified popular unrest and redefined the composition, interests and political attitudes of China's ever more complex social strata. It then analyses some of the fundamental domestic and international issues facing Beijing in the course of those reforms and the social problems that have accompanied economic growth. The Communist Party has responded to the challenges generated by these problems and been forced to undertake more active political reforms or face an even greater loss of its authority.

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Journal Articles

China's Search for a Modern Air Force

John W. Lewis, Litai Xue
International Security , 1999

This article addresses two central questions: First, why have Chinese efforts over the last half century to create a modern air force failed? Second, what lessons have the Chinese gleaned from these failures? Based on their findings, the authors conclude that China's air force has moved away from a strategy based on "active defense" and no first strike, adopting along the way Western notions of the role of air power in combat.

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Books

China's Strategic Seapower: The Politics of Force Modernization in the Nuclear Age

John W. Lewis, Litai Xue
Stanford University Press , 1994

Using major new documentary sources, this book tells the story of why and how China built its nuclear submarine flotilla and the impact of that development on the nation's politics, technology, industry and strategy.

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Books

Uncertain Partners: Stalin, Mao, and the Korean War

John W. Lewis, Litai Xue, Sergei Goncharov
Stanford University Press , 1993

A remarkable tripartite collaboration. . . . A new and highly revealing account of how the Korean War began, based on a careful comparison of Chinese, Soviet, and even North Korean sources. The authors' achievement, from a historian's perspective, is roughly the equivalent of making a first flight around the hidden side of the moon. . . . An exemplary standard for the "new" Cold War history. -Atlantic Monthly

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Policy Briefs

Military Readiness and the Training of China's Sailors

John W. Lewis, Litai Xue
CISAC , 1989

This study of the naval-training system grew out of our larger project on the development of China's strategic weapons. After completing work on the history of Beijing's nuclear weapons program, we began research on Project 09, China's development program for nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines. This research brought to light important new materials on the overall growth of China's navy and led to interviews with Chinese naval specialists.

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Books

China Builds the Bomb

John W. Lewis, Litai Xue
Stanford University Press , 1988
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