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Gail W. Lapidus
Journal Articles

Between Assertiveness and Insecurity: Russian Elite Attitudes and the Russia-Georgia Crisis

Gail W. Lapidus
Post-Soviet Affairs , 2007

Gail Lapidus discusses the content and sources of Russian elite perspectives on international affairs. The "color revolutions," the perceived specter of Islamic radicalism, contestation over Russian identity, and evolving perceptions of Russia's international leverage are examined for their impact on elite attitudes. Discussion of the crisis in relations between Russia and Georgia illustrates the article's theme about the relationship between insecurity and assertiveness.

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Books

Transforming the "National Question": New Approaches to Nationalism, Federalism and Sovereignty

Gail W. Lapidus, Archie Brown
Palgrave Macmillan in "The Demise of Marxism-Leninism in Russia" , 2004

The authors - leading specialists on the former Soviet Union and the new Russia - examine the importance of innovative ideas in bringing about the downfall of Communism. Though it remains a significant presence in Russian politics, even the Communist Party has largely abandoned Marxist-Leninist doctrine. Archie Brown, the late Alexander Dallin, the late Alec Nove, Gail Lapidus, T.H. Rigby and Igor Timofeyev examine the relationship between political change and innovative concepts in key areas of policy.

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Journal Articles

War in Chechnya as a Paradigm of Russian State-Building Under Putin, The

Gail W. Lapidus
Post-Soviet Affairs , 2004

Gail Lapidus writes that the war in Chechnya has played a complex and highly negative role in Russia's political development. It served in some respects as a testing ground for policies that would be expanded to embrace the Russian Federation more broadly. It has been a major obstacle to the progress of reform and democratization in Russia, and has rather elicited and strengthened the more coercive and authoritarian impulses within the Russian elite.

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Books

Russia's Transformation and American Policy

Gail W. Lapidus, Robert J. Lieber
Prentice Hall, in "Eagle Rules? Foreign Policy and American Primacy in the Twenty-First Century" , 2002

Gail W. Lapidus reviews three competing arguments in an emerging "Who Lost Russia" debate and provides a reexamination of assumptions underlying American policy. She finds that most of these critiques exaggerate the impact of American policy and finds this trend to be a sobering illustration of the limits on America's ability to translate its political primacy and power into influence over the character and behavior of this former superpower.

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Books

Accommodating Ethnic Differences in Post-Soviet Eurasia

Gail W. Lapidus, Crawford Young, Mark Beissinger
Woodrow Wilson Center and Johns Hopkins University Press in "Beyond State Crisis? Post-Colonial Africa and Post-Soviet Eurasia in Comparative Perspective" , 2002

The excellent scholarly studies in Beyond State Crisis? offer both in-depth focus on specific countries and problems and useful comparative speculation regarding similarities and differences between the Eurasian and African experiences. They make a strong case for the serious scholarly comparison of the two regions... Any scholar interested in comparative studies and international relations will find a wealth of substantive detail and theoretical discussion by expert observers of state effectiveness and breakdown in this important book.

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Journal Articles

Putin's War on Terrorism: Lessons From Chechnya

Gail W. Lapidus
Post-Soviet Affairs , 2002
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Books

State-Building and State Breakdown in Russia

Gail W. Lapidus, Archie Brown
Oxford University Press in "Contemporary Russian Politics: A Reader" , 2001

The book chapter is a revised and updated version of "Asymmetrical Federalism and State Breakdown in Russia," which originally was published in 1999 in Post-Soviet Affairs.

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Books

Russia's Second Chechen War: Ten Assumptions in Search of a Policy

Gail Lapidus
The Swedish Institute of International Affairs (Stockholm) , 2000

The military campaign unleashed in Chechnya in September 1999 was portrayed by the Russian leadership as a limited and carefully targeted counter-terrorist operation aimed at eliminating the threat to Russia posed by "international terrorism." In a 14 November article in the New York Times, then Prime Minister Putin sought to deflect American criticism of Russian actions and to win acquiescence, if not sympathy, by likening Russias effort in Chechnya to U.S. anti-terrorist actions.

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Journal Articles

Rethinking Sovereignty: Chechnya and Kosovo

Gail Lapidus
Kosmopolis (Moscow) , 1999
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Books

Dynamics of Secession in the Russian Federation: Why Chechnya?, in Stephen Hanson and Mikhail Alexseev, A Federation Imperiled: Center-Periphery Conflict in Post-Soviet Russia, The

Gail W. Lapidus
Palgrave-MacMillan in "Center-Periphery Conflict in Post-Soviet Russia", ed. M. Alexseev. , 1999

Why did the Soviet Union break up, whereas the Russian Federation has so far held together in the face of ostensibly similar secession crises? To what extent is regional separatism a product of economic incentives or local ethnic identity? Few areas of the world display a greater complexity of ethnic relations than the post-Soviet empire, and there are few with greater long-term strategic significance.

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Journal Articles

Assymetrical Federalism and Russian State-Building

Gail W. Lapidus
Post-Soviet Affairs (formerly Soviet Economy). Article republished in "Federalism in Russia" by Kazan Inst of Federalism, Tatarstan, 2002 , 1999

Dr. Lapidus summarizes factors, both domestic and international, pushing for and against regional separatism from the Russian Federation. Attention then turns to factors influencing the further devolution of authority from central to regional officials. A typology is offered of types of issues animating conflict in center-periphery relations. The article then discusses the impact of the August 1998 crisis on these trends and on prospects for the future.

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Journal Articles

Contested Sovereignty: The Tragedy of Chechnya

Gail W. Lapidus
International Security , 1998

Gail Lapidus of Stanford University assesses the factors leading to Moscow's decision in December 1994 to use military force to crush Chechnya's resistance to the authority of the Russian leadership. Exhaustively researched and documented, Lapidus's study traces the evolution of the secessionist struggle through six stages.

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Working Papers

Preventing Deadly Conflict: Strategies and Institutions

Gail W. Lapidus, Svetlana Tsalik
Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict , 1998

Proceedings of a conference, "Preventing Deadly Conflict: Strategies and Institutions," held in Moscow Aug. 14-16, 1996," that was a joint undertaking of the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, the Institute of Universal History of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Center for International Security and Arms Control at Stanford University.

Dr. Lapidus, who co-edited the report, wrote the conclusion, "Lessons from the Russian Experience."

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Journal Articles

Six Years After the Collapse of the USSR

Gail W. Lapidus
Post-Soviet Affairs , 1998
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Books

Gender i perestroika: vliianie perestroiki i ee posledstvii na zhenshchin, in Valery Tishkov, ed., Sem'ia, gender, kultura

Gail Lapidus
Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow) , 1997
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Books

The Soviet System: From Crisis to Collapse

Gail Lapidus, Alexander Dallin
Westview Press , 1995

This reader provides a well-rounded view of the conflicting debates and trends that led to the collapse of the Soviet Union. The authors have brought together Soviet documents and commentary as well as outstanding Western analyses dealing with developments in Soviet politics, economy, society, culture and foreign policy from 1985 through 1991.

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Working Papers

Nationalism, Ethnic Identity and Conflict Management in Russia Today

Gail W. Lapidus, Renee de Nevers, Leokadia Drobizheva, Airat Aklaev, Victoria Koroteyeva, Galina Soldatova, Svetlana Ryzhova, Tamara Guzenkova, Alexander Korostelev
CISAC , 1995

Special report from a conference hosted by Stanford University's Center for International Security and Arms Control on "Nationalism, Ethnic Identity, and Conflict Management in Russia Today" on January 24-26, 1995. The four main topics addressed were problems of federalism and power-sharing between Moscow and the Russian republics; the results from a study of the attitudes of Russians and non-Russians in several republics toward political and economic reforms; the use of force to resolve disputes

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Working Papers

End of the Cold War Is Also Over, The

John Maresca, Gail Lapidus, Renee de Nevers
CISAC , 1995

The end of the Cold War has fundamentally altered the international system, as well as the major threats to global peace and security. The ideologically driven competition between the superpowers which was the defining feature of the Cold War, with its attendant dangers of nuclear confrontation, has been replaced with a whole array of new challenges. Among the most critical is the challenge of dealing with the consequences of the collapse of the USSR.

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Books

Nationalism, Regionalism and Federalism: Dilemmas of State-Building in Post-Communist Russia

Gail W. Lapidus, Edward W. Walker
Westview Press in "The New Russia: Troubled Transformation" , 1994

In this book, distinguished U.S. and Russian scholars analyze the great challenges confronting post-Communist Russia and examine the Yeltsin government's attempts to deal with them. Focusing on problems of state- and nation-building, economic reform, demilitarization, and the definition of Russia's national interests in its relations with the outside world, the authors trace the complex interplay between the communist legacy and efforts to chart new directions in both domestic and foreign policy in the years ahead.

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Books

New Russia: Troubled Transformation, The

Gail W. Lapidus
Westview Press , 1994

In this book, edited by Gail W. Lapidus, distinguished U.S. and Russian scholars analyze the great challenges confronting post-Communist Russia and examine the Yeltsin government's attempts to deal with them. Focusing on problems of state- and nation-building, economic reform, demilitarization, and the definition of Russia's national interests in its relations with the outside world, the authors trace the complex interplay between the communist legacy and efforts to chart new directions in both domestic and foreign policy in the years ahead.

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Books

Gender and Restructuring: Perestroika and Soviet Women

Gail W. Lapidus
Clarendon Press in "Democratic Reform and the Position of Women in Transitional Economies", Valentine Moghadam, ed , 1993

Chapter in Democratic Reform and the Position of Women in Transitional Economies, edited by Valentine Moghadam.

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Books

Ethnonationalism and Political Stability: The Soviet Case

Gail W. Lapidus
Westview Press in "The Soviet Nationality Reader: The Disintegration in Context , 1992

Setting the context for the crisis that has fragmented the former USSR, this reader presents key essays by notable Western scholars who have shaped the debates within the field of Soviet nationality studies. Focusing first on the historical development of the Soviet multiethnic state, the discussions then turn to specific problem areas, including federalism, elites, economy, language policy and nationalism.

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Books

From Union to Commonwealth: Nationalism and Separatism in the Soviet Republics

Gail W. Lapidus, Victor Zaslavsky, Philip Goldman
Cambridge University Press , 1992

The dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991 and the emergence of 15 independent states on its territory mark the end not only of the Soviet system itself but also of a centuries-long process of state-building that created the Russian empire. In the process of serving and extending this empire, the Soviet state unwittingly stimulated a process of nation-building among its constituent peoples. which ultimately contributed to its collapse. The papers presented in this volume are an attempt to analyze and comment on the origins, evolution, and demise of protracted experiment.

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Policy Briefs

The Structural Context of Soviet Ethno-Nationalism

Gail Lapidus
Theory and Society: Renewal and Critique in Social Theory , 1991
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