John M. Shalikashvili

John M. Shalikashvili

Visiting Professor at FSI and CISAC
Senior Adviser, Preventive Defense Project at CISAC

not in residence

Contact General Shalikashvili through Rachel McLain

Research Interests

U.S. foreign policy; defense policy; national security


John Shalikashvili was a retired U.S. general, a visiting professor at FSI and CISAC, and a senior adviser to the Preventive Defense Project, a research collaboration of Stanford and Harvard Universities. He was appointed by President Bill Clinton as the 13th chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Department of Defense), assuming his duties in October 1993. In this capacity, he served as the principal military adviser to the president, the secretary of defense and the National Security Council. Prior to serving as chairman, he served as NATO's Supreme Allied Commander for Europe, and also as the commander-in-chief of the United States European Command.

After graduating from Officer Candidate School in 1959, Shalikashvili was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Artillery. For the next 23 years, he served in a variety of command and staff positions in Alaska, the continental United States, Germany, Italy, Vietnam, and Korea. In 1982, he was promoted to brigadier general and assumed duties as deputy director for strategy, plans and policy on the Army Staff. In 1984, he returned to Germany and the 1st Armored Division as an assistant division commander. Two years later, selected for promotion to major general, he returned to the Army staff as assistant deputy chief of staff for operations and plans (Joint Affairs) and director of strategy, plans and policy. From June 1987 to August 1989, he served as commander of the 9th Infantry Division (motorized) in Fort Lewis, Washington. Promoted to lieutenant general in August 1989, he returned to Germany and assumed duties as deputy commander-in-chief of the United States Army, Europe and Seventh Army.

In April 1991, he assumed command of Operation Provide Comfort, the relief operation that returned hundreds of thousands of Kurdish refugees to Northern Iraq, and in August of 1991 he was called back to Washington, D.C., and became assistant to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He next served as Supreme Allied Commander for Europe (SACEUR) and commander-in-chief of the United States European Command from June 1992 to October 1993, when he returned to Washington to assume his position as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In September 1997 he stepped down as chairman and retired from the army. Born in Warsaw, Poland, in 1936, Shalikashvili received a BS in mechanical engineering from Bradley University and an MS in international affairs from George Washington University. His military education includes completion of the Naval Command and Staff College and the United States Army War College.