Frank Foley, a 2008-09 Zukerman Fellow, is a
postdoctoral student in international security at CISAC. His research concerns
counterterrorist policy and operations, the reform of intelligence and police
agencies and the increasing role of judicial and prosecutorial actors in the
field of security. His PhD dissertation, currently under revision for
publication, is a comparative analysis of British and French counterterrorist
policies, which argues that western states' different institutional
characteristics and norms in the field of security are shaping their responses
to Islamist terrorism, leading to divergent approaches to a common problem. At
CISAC, Frank is analyzing the co-ordination of counterterrorist agencies within
the United States, France and Britain, drawing on organization theory to
explain why some countries achieve higher levels of inter-agency co-operation
than others. He has also written on European Union security policy and on
terrorism and community conflict in Northern Ireland. Upcoming projects include
a review of the terrorism and counterterrorism literature for the International
Studies Association's Compendium Project and an analysis of the forces shaping
international co-operation on counterterrorism at both the diplomatic and
Frank received his PhD from the Department of
Political and Social Sciences at the European University Institute in Florence,
Italy, and is a graduate of the University of Cambridge (MPhil) and University
College Cork (BA, MA). He worked as a journalist in Brussels and as a
researcher in Northern Ireland between 2001 and 2004.
Martha Crenshaw is a senior fellow at CISAC
and FSI and a professor of political science by courtesy. She was the Colin and
Nancy Campbell Professor of Global Issues and Democratic Thought and professor
of government at Wesleyan University in Middletown, Conn., from 1974 to 2007.
Her current research focuses on innovation in terrorist campaigns, the
distinction between "old" and "new" terrorism, why the
United States is the target of terrorism, and the effectiveness of
She has written extensively on the issue of
political terrorism; her first article, "The Concept of Revolutionary
Terrorism," was published in the Journal of Conflict Resolution in 1972.
Her recent work includes "Terrorism, Strategies, and Grand
Strategies," in Attacking Terrorism (Georgetown University Press),
"Terrorism and Global Security," in Leashing the Dogs of War: Conflict
Management in a Divided World (United States Institute of Peace Press), and
"Explaining Suicide Terrorism: A Review Essay," in the journal
Security Studies. She is also the editor of a projected volume, The
Consequences of Counterterrorist Policies in Democracies, for the Russell Sage
Foundation in New York.
She served on the Executive Board of Women in
International Security and chaired the American Political Science Association
(APSA) Task Force on Political Violence and Terrorism. She has also served on
the Council of the APSA and is a former President and Councilor of the
International Society of Political Psychology (ISPP). In 2004 ISPP awarded her
its Nevitt Sanford Award for Distinguished Scientific Contribution and in 2005
the Jeanne Knutson award for service to the society. She serves on the
editorial boards of the journals International Security, Orbis, Political
Psychology, Security Studies, and Terrorism and Political Violence. She
coordinated the working group on political explanations of terrorism for the
2005 Club de Madrid International Summit on Democracy, Terrorism and Security.
She is a lead investigator with the National Center for the Study of Terrorism
and the Response to Terrorism (START) at the University of Maryland, funded by
the Department of Homeland Security. She was a Guggenheim Fellow in 2005-2006.
She served on the Committee on Law and Justice and the Committee on Determining
Basic Research Needs to Interrupt the Improvised Explosive Device Delivery
Chain of the National Research Council of the National Academies of Science.
She was a senior fellow at the National Memorial Institute for the Prevention
of Terrorism in Oklahoma City for 2006-2007.
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