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Civil Wars

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 24 / 28

Explaining Rape during Civil War: Cross-National Evidence (1980-2009)

August 2013

Why do some armed groups commit massive wartime rape, whereas others never do?

Dueling incentives : Sexual violence in Liberia and the politics of human rights advocacy

May 2012

Abstract Transnational advocacy organizations are influential actors in the international politics of human rights.

Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict

August 2011

Summary from Columbia University Press: For more than a century, from 1900 to 2006, campaigns of nonviolent resistance were more than twice as effective as their violent counterparts in achieving...

Strife and Secession in Sudan

July 2011

Abstract In January 2011, the people of the southern provinces of Sudan voted nearly unanimously to declare the independence of South Sudan from the North.

Can Development Aid Contribute to Social Cohesion after Civil War? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Post-Conflict Liberia

May 2009

Civil war is very common in the developing world, with harmful welfare effects when it occurs.

The Geography of Insurgent Organization and its Consequences for Civil Wars: Evidence from Liberia and Sierra Leone

January 2008

This article investigates the determinants of armed group organization and the downstream effects of organization on civil wars.

Africa's Revolutionary Deficit

July 2007

Somalia is once again on the front page--and the news isn't pretty.

Iraq's Civil War

March 2007

The White House still avoids the label, but by any reasonable historical standard, the Iraqi civil war has begun.

Diversity, Conflict, and Democracy: Some Evidence from Eurasia and East Europe

December 2006

Does diversity endanger democracy? Ethnic composition is often thought to affect democracy by means of its influence on the probability of violent civil conflict.

Inside Rebellion: The Politics of Insurgent Violence

October 2006

Some rebel groups abuse noncombatant populations, while others exhibit restraint.

Postcolonial Moment in Security Studies, The

April 2006

In this article, we critique the Eurocentric character of security studies as it has developed since World War II.

Primary Commodity Exports and Civil War

December 2005

Paul Collier and Anke Hoeffler at Oxford University have reported that countries with a higher percentage of national income from primary commodity exports have been more prone to civil war, an...

Resources and the Information Problem in Rebel Recruitment

August 2005

How does the resource base of a rebel group impact its membership, structure, and behavior?

Rebuilding Weak States

January 2005

The turmoil caused by weak and failing states gravely threatens U.S. security, yet Washington is doing little to respond.

Separatist Wars, Partition, and World Order

July 2004

Should ethnonationalist wars be resolved by formally partitioning states?

Why Do Some Civil Wars Last So Much Longer Than Others?

May 2004

Five factors are shown to be strongly related to civil war duration. Civil wars emerging from coups or revolutions tend to be short.

Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War

February 2003

An influential conventional wisdom holds that civil wars proliferated rapidly with the end of the Cold War and that the root cause of many or most of these has been ethnic and religious antagonisms...

Civil Wars and State-Building in Africa and Eurasia

December 2002

This book compares sub-Saharan Africa and the former Soviet Union, two regions beset by the breakdown of states suffering from extreme official corruption, organized crime extending into warlordism...

Ending Civil Wars: The Implementation of Peace Agreements

December 2002

Why do some peace agreements successfully end civil wars, while others fail? What strategies are most effective in ensuring that warring parties comply with their treaty commitments?

Mozambique: A Fading U.N. Success Story

January 2002

As Mozambique enters its tenth year of peace following a brutal and destructive civil war, the signs of continued democratic transformation and pro-market economic reform appear rosy, at least at...

Africa's Scramble for Africa: Lessons of a Continental War

July 2000

The war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), which began in August 1998, is unprecedented-at times involving armies from eight African states.

Ethnic and Nationalist Violence

December 1998

Work on ethnic and nationalist violence has emerged from two largely non-intersecting literatures: studies of ethnic conflict and studies of political violence.

Spoiler Problems in Peace Processes

October 1997

The wars of the 1990s confirm a basic finding from the study of civil war termination: "peacemaking is a risky business." The greatest source of risk comes from spoilers - leaders and parties who...

Peace Operations: From Short-Term to Long-Term Commitment

December 1996

By developing a strategic approach to the implementation of peace accords in civil war, the United Nations can better the odds for ending a war and fostering development in the long run.

People

James D. Fearon Senior Fellow Professor, Political Science
Jeremy M. Weinstein Senior Fellow Professor, Political Science
Sebastian T. Alarcon CISAC Honors Student